Diabetes and FootCare
Foot care among diabetics is incredibly important as foot related complications are common for those of us with diabetes.
Foot ulcers for example, which affect as many 10% of people with diabetes in India, can all to easily develop from blisters and small wound to posing a threat of amputation.
Even small ulcers on the foot can represent a serious risk: they may heal extremely slowly and need rigorous treatment to cure.
Ulcers can develop into serious lower body infections, with the possibility of amputation at an advanced stage.
Check your foot if any below symptoms call our Foot care team : +91- 9363123295 / +91- 9025966888 / +91 9025766888
Symptoms of Diabetic foot problems
♦ Colour Changes in Nail ♦ corn feet ♦ web space infection ♦ Atheletes Foot ♦ Swelling in the feet ♦ Burning sole ♦ Blisters ♦ fissures ♦ Less sensation in the feet ♦ changes in skin colour & Temperature ♦ pain in the feet ♦ pain in the ankle ♦ Pins and needles sensation ♦ Numbness
Diabetic Foot Ulcer
- Foot ulcers can occur in anyone not only Diabetic person , and refer to a patch of broken down skin usually on the lower leg or feet.
- When blood sugar levels are high or fluctuate regularly skin that would normally heal may not properly repair itself because of nerve damage.
- Even a mild injury can become a foot ulcer.
Risk factors for diabetes foot ulcers
The following Complication can develop a foot ulcer:
- Neuropathy- small nerves blocked or Damaged
- Poor blood circulation in the foot
- High Blood sugar regularly
- Wearing unfitting footwear
- Walking with bare foot
People who have diabetes for a longer period are more likely to develop foot ulcers.
Smoking, Not doing exercise, being overweight, having high cholesterol or blood pressure can all increase diabetes foot ulcer risk.
Treatments available for treating the different foot complications that can commonly affect people with diabetes
Types of diabetic foot treatment : 1) Amputation 2) Debridement 3) Dressings
Amputation is the last resort when it comes to treatment of foot problems but a last resort that may be required if foot problems progress to a severe level.
Debridement involves removing necrotic (dead), damaged or infected tissue from a wound, which can improve cleanliness of the wound and promote healing.
Debridement may carried out by a number of methods including:
- Autolytic debridement – which encourages the body to use its own enzymes to debride the wound
- Enzymatic debridement – use of chemical enzymes, such as topical, or proteolytic enzymes
- Mechanical debridement – allowing dressings to go from moist to dry and then removing the dressing along with dead or infected tissue that has stuck to the dressing
- Surgical debridement – use of sharp surgical instruments, such as scalpels, to remove dead and infected tissue
- Larval therapy – use of fly larvae (maggots) to clean away dead tissue
This is more likely if foot problems are not treated quickly enough which is why it is important to notify your doctor of any sings of damage or change in the condition of your feet.
There are a number of dressings available for diabetic wound care including:
- Alginate dressings
- Foam dressings
- Gauze dressings
- Hydrogel dressings
- Hydrocolloid dressings
Dressings serve a number of purposes in the wound healing process.